Future University In Egypt (FUE)
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Altagamoa Al Khames, Main centre of town, end of 90th Street
New Cairo

Ebtissam Abdel Ghafar

Basic information

Name : Ebtissam Abdel Ghafar
Title: Professor in Pharmacology.
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Personal Info: Dr.Ebtissam Abd-elghaffar, Professor of Pharmacology & Head of pharmacy practice and clinical pharmacy Department, got her Master & PhD degrees in Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University. View More...


Certificate Major University Year
PhD Medical Science Cairo University -Faculty of Medicine 1989
Masters Medical Science Cairo University - Medicine 1985
Bachelor Medicine Cairo University - Medicine 1981

Teaching Experience

Name of Organization Position From Date To Date
King Saud University Associate Professor in Clinical Pharmacy Department 01/11/1995 01/06/2001
Cairo University Assistant Professor of Medical Pharmacology 01/09/1994 01/10/2000
Cairo University Lecturer of Medical Pharmacology 01/08/1989 01/09/1994
Cairo University Assistant Lecturer of Medical Pharmacology 01/06/1986 01/08/1989
Cairo University Demonstrator of Medical Pharmacology 01/04/1983 01/06/1986
Cairo University and Ministry of Health House Officer 01/03/1982 01/02/1983

Researches /Publications

Ivabradine in Chronic Heart Failure - 01/0


Hadeer Eid Eliwa , Nagwa Sabri, Naglaa Bazan


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Medication errors in egyptian critically ill patients with renal insufficiency: an assessment of the need for optinmization clinical pharmacy service - 01/0


N. S. Bazan and A. El-Sherif


The limited evidence of the critical role of clinical pharmacists in Egyptian teaching hospitals led to the fact that critical care pharmacists' responsibilities are still focused on dispensing and drug distribution. Objective: Assess the important role of clinical pharmacy service activities in an Egyptian intensive care unit (ICU) by describing the impact of medication errors on clinical outcome of critically ill-patients with renal insufficiency. Methods: An observational retrospective cohort study was carried out over a five months period on patients admitted to ICU with estimated creatinine clearance (CrCl) less than 50 ml/min on admission and known to have chronic kidney disease (CKD). Patient records, physician orders, pharmacy and nursing notes of 69 patients were collected and reviewed by a clinical pharmacist. Medication errors were assessed. Main outcome measure was Length of ICU stay and mortality. Results: One hundred and seventeen MEs were identified; prescribing errors (58.9%), wrong administration technique (17.9%), drug-preparation errors (11.9%) and monitoring errors (11.1%). Errors in renal dose adjustment were the most frequent prescribing errors (66.7%). The length of ICU stay was positively correlated with number of medication errors per prescription (r=0.392, p=0.001) and mortality was associated with significantly higher number of medication errors (p=0.01). Only 29% of errors observed were documented in pharmacy records and 93% of documented pharmacy interventions were accepted by the physicians. Conclusion: Decreasing morbidity and mortality in critically ill Egyptian patients with renal insufficiency may be achieved through optimizing clinical pharmacy services with prescription intervention activities.

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